World population is increasing rapidly. Due to this tremendous rise in population, the cities all around the world are facing complex challenges regarding urban infrastructure planning, governance, and transportation infrastructure. Airports, railways, ports, bridges, mass transits, highways and the networks that they are connected to, then all form infrastructure of the transportation. Commuters now prefer public transportation like rails and buses over roads.
In order to facilitate the customers, the public transportation systems and the station hubs are improved. Full connectivity is what the customer demands, therefore, transportation system should ensure that devices and people should be connected to the network. However, as the number of devices connected to the transportation ecosystems increases, the probability of cyber-attack also increases, making the transportation ecosystem more vulnerable to cyber-attacks. An illustration of vehicle-to-vehicle transportation is shown in Figure 1 below.
Figure 1: A visual representation of vehicle-to-vehicle communication in smart cities.
Internet of Everything (IoE) aims to bring digital revolution by deploying smart roads, smart rails, smart buses, smart airports and smart pots globally. Enhancements in the smart transportation systems will result in high mobility along with an improved and secured transportation services for the people. Transport system administrators and organization are adopting digital strategies which will help in the provision of quality transportation services, improved productivity, enhanced passenger experience and will also help in generating good revenue changing.
The smart transportation system is evolving day by day to provide seamless passenger services. Smart transportation is aiming to implement cutting edge technologies like electric mobility, car sharing, Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS), and a system based on a demand-response approach in order to optimize the whole transportation system.
If you want to go for a vacation you do not have to fret about anything. Just pack your stuff and head towards the airport. As you are going towards the airport you observe that the traffic on the road is organized. It is because the transportation authorities are continuously monitoring the traffic and are attentive to keep traffic organized and ensure transits run smoothly. Like Utah’s Department Transportation, they deployed some digital transformation in the typical methodology in order to improve the infrastructure planning process and management of the highways.
As our digital citizen is heading towards the airport in his car, he gets an alert on his smartphone about the slow traffic ahead, which is because of a construction project already planned. Our digital citizen would not have to worry as he can switch from the route through mapped view of the construction site and seamlessly go ahead. Like other eighty percent of drivers in Texas, our digital citizen was also delighted with the anticipatory notifications that made him able for proactive traffic avoidance.
While our digital citizen arrived at the airport, the most dreadful part is yet to come which is, to wait in long queues at the checking points and counters for hours. Except the digital citizen, he doesn’t have to worry. Some airports like Copenhagen Airport are deploying smart technology to continuously watch and avoid passenger congestion, allowing more time to relax instead of waiting for their turn in the long queues. An example of IoT applications implemented at an airport is shown in the figure below.
Figure 2: Role of IoT applications at world’s biggest travel hubs.
Following smooth and a serene flight, our digital citizen has reached the holiday spot. He hops on the train, to reach his final destination.
Some cities like Dubai, are implementing digital strategies to fulfil the increasing transport requirements as with each passing day a large number of people are turning towards public transportation. Our citizen didn’t face any inconvenience like accidents and other complications. Advanced systems are deployed to avoid accidents via vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure. He is feeling relaxed as the smart transportation system is reliable and clean trains, simple ticketing procedures and has plentiful timetables. Upon reaching the final destination like other 90 percent of Seoul tourists, our digital customer is pleased with his overall travel experience.
Cities around the world are now looking for ways to fulfil their transportation requirements and expanding their transportation networks in order to enhance their corporation and interconnection. This development is making public transportation as well as mass transits, main artery of the smart cities technology, which aims to improve quality of life of the residents in parallel with supporting economic development, attracting business and workforce talent.
In short, smart transportation is considered a key factor against the challenges faced by the urban planners and city infrastructure planners to fulfil the requirements of the increasing number of mega cities in both developed and developing cities around the globe in order to maintain safety and smooth traffic flow.
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