How will the transportation system benefit from IoT-enabled platooning?

Platooning is an innovative transport system where trucks can drive closely together – one after another – using a common communication system based on smart technology. This could lead to benefits for the transport system with regards to safety, efficiency and the environment.

Ericsson and Scania have started a collaborative research effort to accelerate the connectivity of commercial vehicles and infrastructure. Truck platooning is just one example of this and we have assessed it in terms of the sustainability impact. We wanted to know how – and to what extent – does ICT have the potential to improve the impact of truck platooning when it comes to safety and efficiency?

In a more basic form, truck platooning could be based on an Adaptive Cruise Control system, comprising onboard radar and other electronic equipment here referred to as conventional technology. This is where each truck optimizes its behavior adding Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communication enabled by ICT. The aim is to enable further fuel savings and reduce in carbon dioxide emissions through shorter distances and associated platooning.

Conventional technology (Scenario A), based on Adaptive Cruise Control, radar and other electronic equipment, can be used to drive in platoons for 25% of the full distance. The potential fuel reduction is calculated to be 2% based on Scania test track driving. In a theoretical scenario where platooning based on conventional technology would be used during the whole distance the fuel reduction potential would be 8%.

In a theoretical scenario with V2V communication, corresponding to 100% of the distance be driven in a platoon, the fuel saving potential is estimated to be 12% according to Scania for the investigated set-up (compared to the 8% for conventional technology). In practice, it is unlikely that the full distance would be suitable for platooning. However, V2V communication enables a more extensive use of platooning than the solution based on conventional technology. We thus assume that 50% of the whole distance is driven in platooning mode (scenario B). The overall 6%saving, represent an increase with 4% units compared to the 2% saving without the use of ICT. This translates into a reduction of 4 tonne CO2 per truck and year. The non-platooning reference scenario is based on an average truck in the EU that travels about 100 000 km/year with a fuel consumption of about 0.25 l/km which corresponds to emissions of about 66 ton CO2/year. A 4 tonne saving in CO2 could be compared to the average annual CO2 emissions per citizen in the EU of 7.4 tonne in 2012 (including emissions from transportation).

To understand the net impact of V2V communication, the additional saving enabled by it is compared to the additional footprint of the communication solution which gives an increase of 0,14% per truck (a factor of only approx. 1:30 compared to the estimated saving), indicating a substantial net reduction in carbon emissions.

How will the transportation system benefit from IoT-enabled platooning
How will the transportation system benefit from IoT-enabled platooning

From social perspective, truck platooning could have a vast range of impacts, from driver satisfaction due to common breaks along the roadside and more social interaction, to feeling passive during the drive and possible stress due to the threat of job losses due to automation. Safety could potentially also be increased or decreased depending on the perspective, i.e. the trucker driver or the surrounding traffic.

Platooning is not yet deployed and wide-scale tests, technical feasibility and upscaling are under development out to 2020. In order to use public road networks, further tests and legislation is necessary to prove safety and reliability. A greater level of automation and legislation for a broad commercial application with automated driverless trailing vehicles is estimated for 2030 and beyond.

Author: Sepideh Matinfar

How to build IoT Networks?

With the introduction of Internet of Things (IoT); networks will be obliged to manage large numbers of heterogeneous devices. There are many ways to connect devices directly to the 5G systems. Moreover, they can also connect with the help of capillary networks using short range radio to extend the 5G network reach. Different radios should be served in the same IoT platform in order to manage efficiently. Smart technology, when deployed, can increase the value of that particular place, for instance, a smart home, a smart office building, a smart bus and so on. According to Ericsson mobility report, until 2021 we will have 15 billion devices will be connected to the network. Some of the devices will be connected to the cellular network while a large part will be accessing radio technologies.

capillary networks in deployment of IoT

If we want to manage those devices in the similar fashion as that of mobile phones, then we need to use Capillary Gateways. Capillary Gateways acts as a bridge and connects other networks with the 5G system. Capillary Gateways are fixed installations, but a mobile phone can be used to connect to the things nearby. In order to install, configure and manage those devices, the devices need to be automated. By automating the device we mean the system needs to adjust whenever devices are added, lost or moving.

capillary networks in IoT networks

It is concluded that connection to the network plays a vital role in the deployment of IoT. Capillary networks are a smart way to connect the billions of things and devices that need connectivity. In order to optimize the network usage, it automatically manages the connectivity between devices and gateways in the network. This technology supports short-range radio technologies, which are easy to deploy with different topologies, such as star and mesh for example Bluetooth, WiFi and 802.15.4. Moreover, the modern Bluetooth Low Energy mesh technology can be used for capillary connectivity.

We provide an extensive training course about IoT networking. This course covers major aspects of IoT, Machine to Machine (M2M) Communication and Big Data Analytic techniques for IoT.


About Author:

Dr. Hafiz Yasar Lateef – one of the founding members of TelXperts – has several years of experience on Internet of Things (IoT), smart cities, big data analytics and smart cities verticals. He is a Member of IEEE Communications Society and frequently features as a keynote speaker at various international conferences and workshops. His expertise encompass Internet of Things, Big Data Analytics, LTE radio network planning and optimization, Small cells & DAS planning & Optimization, Self-Organizing Networks (SON) and Green cellular networks. Dr. Hafiz Yasar Lateef’s Biography has been featured on Bristol Who’s Who famous personalities registry for his excellent research work in the field of Telecommunication. His work on the areas of MIMO techniques for wireless networks, Green Cellular Networks and Self-Organizing cellular networks have already found their way into telecommunication standards. He has authored and co-authored numerous international journals and conference papers in the field of LTE/LTE-Advanced wireless networks.

Dr. Yasar holds a Doctorate degree in the field of Telecommunications from University of Leeds, UK. He has participated in various international projects on future wireless networks in collaboration with ZTE Corporation, Texas A&M, Politecnico Di Torino Italy, King’s College London, CTTC Spain and CCSR University of Surrey. In the past, he held various roles at ZTE Corporation, University of Leeds, UK, University of Bedfordshire, UK, Qatar University, QMIC and Texas A&M, Curtin University, Australia.

Internet-of-Everything and Smart-cities Archive

telxperts telecom trainings


Internet of Things (IoT) Overview

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the interconnection of uniquely identifiable embedded computing devices within the exisitng internet infrastructure. Internet of Things ”means“ a world-wide network of interconnected objects uniquely addressable, based on standard communication protocols.

intenret of things

The new rule for the future is going to be, “anything that can be connected, will be connected.”  But why on earth would you want so many connected devices talking to each other? To increase efficiency, energy, time, cost, resources and sustainable life.

iot course

IoT Protocol Stack

iot architecture

Wireless Technologies for IoT

iot training course

IoT/IoE Protocols

iot protocols

IoT Devices Gateway Capabilities

ioe online training

IoT Data Management Capabilities

iot data intelligence

IoT Context Processing & Analysis

iot context

IoT Cloud Architecture

Iot cloud

IoT Cloud Data Acquisition

iot with iphone ios

IoT Evolution & Market Trends

ioe course

IoT Smart Grid

smart grid

 

To know more about IOT Applications for Smart Cities, Security Challenges, and Smart Cities Technologies, you can join our Smart Cities Essential Courses here.